The day the human DNA was mapped – level 2


In 1990, scientists began a project with the goal of mapping the human genome. The human genome is the genetic information in a human cell.

The project involved scientists from countries such as the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany, and China, and other more.

On April 14, 2003, the scientists announced that they completed the mapping of the human genome.

The genome has 3 billion DNA pairs.

This achievement influenced many fields, including medicine, genetics, and evolutionary biology.

Difficult words: map (to discover information about the structure of something), genome (all the genes in a given species), announce (to say officially), DNA (genetic information in a cell), genetics (the study of genes).

What has been the most significant development since the 2003 Human Genome Project completion in relation to technological advances in the fields of medicine, genetics and evolutionary biology?


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