The day the first human heart was transplanted – level 1
There is a bad car accident. It is in Cape Town. It is on December 2, 1967. A car hits a young woman and her mother. The mother dies. Her daughter lives. However, she has serious problems with her head. Doctors take her to the hospital.
When the young woman comes to the hospital, her heart is beating. Yet she is already dead. This is because her brain isn’t working. Doctors can’t help her.
When her father comes to the hospital, doctors tell him that they can’t save his daughter. They say her heart can help another person. The father thinks about it. Then he agrees with the transplant. The person who needs the transplant is a sick 55-year-old man. The transplant is his only chance to live.
A team of thirty doctors and nurses starts the operations. The leader of the team is Doctor Christiaan Barnard. The operation is successful. After the operation, the man wakes up. He speaks with his wife and reporters. However, the man dies only eighteen days after the transplant.
The operation is a really big moment in medical history. From that moment, people know that it is possible to transplant the heart.
Today, people live longer after these transplants. 85% of people live one year after the operation. 69% of people live five years after the operation.
Difficult words: accident (the moment when a bad thing suddenly happens), beat (to move and send blood to the body through the heart), brain (a big body part in your head which people use for thinking), save (to help somebody live), transplant (to move), successful (very good).
What do you think about this day?
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