The day the Yalta Conference started – level 2
In February 1945, it was clear that World War II was slowly coming to an end. The Russian army was coming from the east to Germany. It was only 65 kilometers from Berlin. The US and British soldiers were coming to Germany from the west.
In this situation, on February 4, 1945, the leaders of the anti-Hitler coalition, Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill met in Yalta, in the Soviet Union. They met because they wanted to speak about Europe after the war.
Stalin wanted to have control over countries in Eastern Europe. Churchill disagreed. He wanted free elections and democracy. Roosevelt wanted Stalin to help him in a war against Japan.
They agreed on the following. Stalin promised to help Roosevelt fight Japan. They agreed on the division of Germany into 4 parts: Russian, American, British, and French.
Stalin could keep the eastern territory of Poland which Russia occupied at the beginning of the war. Germans could be taken to labor camps. Germany also had to pay money to the winners of the war.
Difficult words: coalition (a group made up of other groups), democracy (a government where the people choose their leaders), election (when people choose their government), following (a list of steps which somebody is ready to say), occupy (to take control of), labor (work).
What do you think about this day?
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