The day the South Pole was reached – level 1
Roald Amundsen is from Norway. Robert Falcon Scott is from England. They want to go to the South Pole. But they don’t want to go together. Each wants to be the first man on the South Pole.
At the beginning of 1911, Amundsen and Scott come with their teams to the Antarctic. They prepare for many months on the coast.
When the Antarctic winter ends, Amundsen and four of his men start the journey to the pole. They have sleighs. Dogs pull their sleighs. Scott has small horses. Amundsen starts the journey 10 days before Scott.
On December 14, 1911, Amundsen stands on the South Pole. His team stays there for 3 days. He puts a Norwegian flag on the pole. All the men return to the coast safely. They go 3000 km. The journey takes 99 days.
Scott and his four men come to the pole a month later, on January 17, 1912. Their journey has a sad end. A very bad snowstorm happens on the way back. They all die in the storm.
Difficult words: coast (a part of a land where the sea starts), journey (a long trip), sleigh (a thing for traveling over snow), flag (a piece of cloth with colours which represent a country), safely (without problems and healthy).
What motivated Amundsen and Scott to compete against each other to be the first man on the South Pole?
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