The day the order to kill the Polish elite was signed – level 1

05-03-1940

It is September 1, 1939. Germany attacks Poland. Two weeks later, the Soviet Union attacks Poland, too.

The situation is difficult for the Polish people. They are fighting, but the attackers are stronger. Soon, Poland loses the war. Poland is divided between Germany and the Soviet Union.

Many important Polish people must go to the Soviet Union. They are army leaders, scientists, teachers, and artists. They must go to special camps. There are 22,000 important Polish people in these camps.

On March 5, 1940, the Soviet leaders sign a special document. The document sends the Polish elite to death.

The important Polish people must go to a place in the forest. Then, they are killed. Their bodies are put in mass graves.

In 1943, the Germans find these graves with many dead bodies. Stalin says that he isn’t responsible for the massacre. Then  in 1990, the Soviet Union says that  Stalin is responsible for massacre of the Polish elite.

Difficult words: divided (changed into two pieces), sign (to write your name on a document), elite (people who are the best at something), mass (with many people in one place), grave (a place for a dead body under the ground), massacre (when a lot of people are killed in a short time).

What do you think about this day?

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