The day the Nuremberg trials started – level 1

20-11-1945

It is the end of World War II. The USA, France, England, and Russia win the war. People in America want a trial with the Nazi leaders. The other countries agree.

The trial starts on November 20, 1945. There are 22 Nazi leaders. There are many judges. The judges have 2,500 documents from World War II. The judges also have films from the concentration camps.

The judges have 400 meetings. At the end of the trial, three Nazi leaders are free. Seven go to prison. Twelve Nazi leaders must die.

The Nuremberg trials are the first trials with war criminals.

Difficult words: trial (a process when a judge decides if someone is innocent or guilty), Nazi leaders (people who control Germany in World War II), judge (a person who judges or decides a trial), concentration camp (a place where people keep other people as prisoners), criminal (a person who does very bad things).

What do you think about this day?

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