The day the Nobel Prizes are awarded – level 2


The Nobel Prize is a very special prize for a scientist, writer, economist, or politician. People get the Nobel Prize for physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, economics, and peace.

Alfred Nobel was a famous inventor who invented dynamite. In 1888, he realized that people were going to remember him as the man who invented the thing which kills people. That thought was horrible for him. So, he decided to give 94% of his money to a special fund. It was a fund which would give money to people who did something great.

Nobel died on December 10, 1896, and the first Nobel Prizes were given on the anniversary of his death on December 10, 1901. Now, the Nobel Prize is given every year.

Each Nobel Prize laureate gets a gold medal, a diploma, and almost 1 million US dollars.

There are many famous people who got the Nobel Prize, for example Albert Einstein, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Ernest Hemingway, and Mother Teresa.

Difficult words: inventor (somebody who has many ideas for new machines or systems), dynamite (a tool that people use to explode things), realize (to begin to know suddenly), anniversary (a date on which something special happened last year), laureate (somebody who got an important prize).

What inspired Alfred Nobel to create the Nobel Prize and how has this prestigious award impacted individuals and society as a whole since its establishment in 1901?


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