The day the Nobel Prizes are awarded – level 1


The Nobel Prize is a very special prize. It is a prize for a scientist, writer, economist, or politician. People get the Nobel Prize for physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, economics, and peace.

In 1867, Alfred Nobel is a famous man. He invents dynamite. He is rich.

At the end of his life, Nobel starts to understand that people remember him only as a man who invents dynamite. He doesn’t like it because dynamite kills people. He wants to do something good.

Nobel has an idea. He says that he wants to give 94% of his money to a special fund. It is a fund which gives money to people who do something very good.

Nobel dies on December 10, 1896, and people get the first Nobel Prizes on December 10, 1901. Now, people get the Nobel Prizes every year.

Each Nobel Prize laureate gets a gold medal, a diploma, and almost 1 million US dollars.

There are many famous people who got the Nobel Prize, for example Albert Einstein, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Ernest Hemingway, and Mother Teresa.

Difficult words: prize (a thing which people get because they do something good or special), invent (to do something new), dynamite (a thing that people use to make things explode), fund (an organization which gives money to people), laureate (somebody who gets an important prize), almost (nearly, but not completely).

What inspired Alfred Nobel to create the Nobel Prize and how has it impacted the lives of those who have received it?


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