The day the history of New York began – level 3


Before the first European set foot in the area of today’s New York, about 5,000 Indians had been living peacefully on the banks of the Hudson River. In 1524, the Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to visit this area. He served the French king and thus declared the territory a French colony.

In 1626, the Dutch colonizer Peter Minuit bought the island of Manhattan from the Indians, naming the area New Amsterdam. The Dutch declared it a town on February 2, 1653. New Amsterdam was a good port and had an ideal location for trading.

Nine years later, the British wanted the place for themselves and started a war with the Dutch. The British won and renamed the colony New York.

A century later, the American War of Independence started. The Americans defeated the British and in 1785, New York was declared the capital of the US.

In the coming years, New York became the city with the greatest diversity of languages, and it was known as ‘Babylon on the Hudson River’. Other most common nicknames were ’The Big Apple’ or ’The City That Never Sleeps’.

Difficult words: thus (for this reason), trading (the activity of buying and selling), defeat (to win a victory over somebody in a war), diversity (many different types of something).

What other nicknames were given to New York in the years that followed its declaration as the capital of the US?


Days in Levels is designed to teach you 3000 words in English. Please follow the instructions

How to improve your English with Days in Levels: 


  1. Do the test at Test Languages.
  2. Go to your level. Go to Level 1 if you know 1-1000 words. Go to Level 2 if you know 1000-2000 words. Go to Level 3 if you know 2000-3000 words.


  1. Read two new articles article at Days in Levels every day.
  2. Read one previous article too and check if you remember all new words.


  1. Listen to the new article and read the text at the same time.
  2. Listen to the new article without reading the text.


  1. Answer the question under the new article and write your answer in the comments.


  1. Choose one person from the Skype section.
  2. Talk with this person. You can answer questions from Speak in Levels.