The day the history of New York began – level 2

02-02-1653

Before the first European came to the area of today´s New York, about 5,000 Indians were living peacefully there. In 1524, the Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European who visited this area. He served the French king and declared the territory a French colony.

In 1626, the Dutch colonizer Peter Minuit bought the island of Manhattan from the Indians. He named it New Amsterdam. The Dutch declared it a town on February 2, 1653. New Amsterdam was a good port and had an ideal location for business.

Nine years later, the British wanted the place for themselves and started a war with the Dutch. The British won and renamed the colony New York.

A century later, the American War of Independence started. The Americans were fighting the British. The Americans won and in 1785, New York was declared the capital of the US.

In the coming years, New York became the city where people spoke many languages. It was known as Babylon on the Hudson River. Some people also called it ´The Big Apple´ or ´The City That Never Sleeps´.

Difficult words: declare (to say officially that some situation exists), port (a place in a town where ships can stop), ideal (perfect), century (100 years), that (which).

What do you think about this day?

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