The day the Gulf War started – level 3


Iraq, ruined by the 8-year war with Iran, was unable to repay its billions in debt, and no one wanted to provide further loans. So the Iraq leader Saddam Hussein chose a different tactic. He accused neighboring Kuwait, to which Iraq owed $ 15 billion, of stealing oil from its territory. Kuwait denied it.

On August 2, 1990, the Iraqi Army invaded and occupied Kuwait.

Saddam Hussein declared Kuwait his province, installed a new government there, and arrested those who stood up to him.

The situation wasn’t good for Saudi Arabia. When Saudi Arabia asked the United States to enter its territory to protect it, the Americans didn’t hesitate.

On January 17, 1991, an American air attack began. A few weeks later, the second ground phase of the attack began. Kuwait was liberated and the war ended. The ground fighting lasted only 100 hours.

Difficult words: accuse (say that somebody did something bad), owe (have a debt), deny (say that something isn’t true), province (an area of a country).

What were Saddam Hussein's motivations for invading Kuwait?


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