The day the Gulf War started – level 2


After the war with Iran, Iraq had big debts which it couldn’t pay. Nobody wanted to give Iraq more money. Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein chose a different tactic. He said that Kuwait was stealing oil from Iraqi territory. Kuwait said that it wasn’t true.

On August 2, 1990, the Iraqi Army took over Kuwait. Saddam Hussein put his government there, and he arrested people who didn’t agree with him.

The situation wasn’t good for Saudi Arabia. When Saudi Arabia asked the United States for help, the Americans said yes.

On January 17, 1991 an American air attack started. A few weeks later, the ground attack started. Kuwait was freed and the war ended. The ground operation was only 100 hours long.

Difficult words: debt (money which you must pay to somebody), tactic (a strategy, an idea), a few (several).

What factors influenced the American decision to intervene in the Iraqi-Kuwait conflict?


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