The day the first European saw the Pacific Ocean – level 2


Vasco Nunez de Balboa was a Spanish explorer. In 1513, he was a leader of an expedition to the Pacific Ocean in Central America.

He started his journey across the Isthmus of Panama on September 1. The expedition was made of 190 Spanish men, some native guides, and a group of dogs. The expedition had to go through a jungle. They also had to fight different groups of natives.

At the end of their journey, they had to go across mountains. The natives told them that they could see the Pacific Ocean from the tops of the mountains.

On September 25, 1513, Balboa reached the top of one of the mountains and saw what no other European saw before – the waters of the Pacific Ocean.

Difficult words: expedition (a long journey, a group of people on a long journey), isthmus (a narrow piece of land with water on each side), native (natural to a place), native (a person who is born in a place), reach (to arrive at a place).

What difficulties did Balboa and his men face on their expedition to the Pacific Ocean?


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