The day the Cuban Missile Crisis started – level 3


In 1962, humanity is on the brink of nuclear war for 13 days. It is the most dramatic clash of the Soviets and Americans during the Cold War.

It’s October 16 and the US president, John Kennedy, stares in disbelief at spy photos taken by an American plane 20km over Cuba. He sees a massive launch force under construction. He sees dozens of nuclear missiles.

The United States announces a naval blockade of Cuba. Its aim is to prevent more Soviet ships from arriving.

On October 25, representatives of the Soviet Union and the US meet for the first time at the United Nations. The Soviets are still not saying openly what is going on.

On October 27, President Kennedy announces a 48-hour ultimatum. He says, “Remove the rockets, or we’ll remove them.”

The Soviets propose that the missiles will be withdrawn in exchange for a promise not to attack Cuba and for the withdrawal of American missiles from Turkey and Italy.

The Americans agree.

Difficult words: on the brink of (close to), launch force (machines for sending missiles), blockade (when you stop vehicles), ultimatum (a demand before you do something), withdraw (to remove).

What was the long-term impact of the Cuban Missile Crisis on relations between the Soviet Union and the United States?


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