The day people reached the deepest place on Earth – level 1

23-01-1960

It is the beginning of 1960. Two men are preparing for a big journey. It is a journey to the deepest place on planet Earth. They are above the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean. They want to go down 11 kilometres in a small submarine.

Nobody knows what is at the bottom of the ocean.

On January 23, 1960, the sea over the Mariana Trench isn’t calm. But it is not a problem for Don Walsh and Jacques Picard. They go inside their submarine. The submarine is only a little bigger than a fridge. They go down.

At 150 metres, it starts to be dark. They see some big fish. At 1,600 metres, they see a fish which they don’t recognize.

Five hours later, the submarine comes to the bottom of the Mariana Trench. There is sand there. At one moment, the men see a 30-centimetre long fish. It is clear that life is also in the deepest place on Earth.

Difficult words: Mariana Trench (the deepest place in the ocean), submarine (a ship which can go under water), dark (if it is dark, there is little or no light), recognize (to know what something is).

What do you think about this day?

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