The day Palestine was divided – level 2
Jerusalem is a city in the Middle East. It’s one of the oldest cities in the world. Its name means “city of peace.”
Jerusalem is a holy city to three religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These religions have their holy places very close to each other. This is a problem because different groups of people want to control this place. There were many problems in the past. During its long history, Jerusalem changed its rulers 44 times.
During the Second World War, 6 million Jews were killed in Europe. Many of those who survived didn’t want to live in Europe.
They decided to move to Palestine which was a holy land for them and which was their home 2000 years ago. However, over a million local Palestinian Muslims didn’t welcome their arrival.
More and more Jews were coming to Palestine and in 1947, there were already over 600,000 Jews there. Jews and Palestinians attacked each other, and the country was close to a civil war. It was an international problem.
The United States said that Palestine could be divided into 2 states, Jewish and Arabic. Jews agreed, but Palestinian Muslims didn’t agree.
Then, on November 29, 1947, people voted at the United Nations. The voting countries decided to create the Jewish state of Israel in Palestine. Jews celebrated. Muslims weren’t happy. This moment was the beginning of many wars and fights between Jews and Muslims in the Middle East, which continues to this day.
What efforts have been taken to resolve the conflict in Jerusalem, and how successful have they been?
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