The day Oswiecim concentration camp was liberated – level 1


Discrimination against Jews starts after 1933. It is the year when Hitler starts to control Germany. The Nazis think that Jews are the reason for their loss in World War I. Hitler also wants the money which Jews in Germany have. The Nazis start to take money and houses from the Jews.

When the Jews lose their houses, the Nazis send them to concentration camps. Many Jews die in these camps.

At the beginning of 1945, it is clear that the war is coming to the end. The Red Army is liberating Poland town after town.

On January 27, 1945, the Red Army comes to Oswiecim in Southern Poland. They find a very big camp. One million people died in this camp. When the Red Army comes to the camp, they find only 7,000 very hungry people there.

Difficult words: discrimination (unfair behavior), Jew (somebody whose religion is Judaism), Nazi (a member of the National Socialist Party in Germany), concentration camp (a place where a lot of people have to stay), army (a lot of soldiers), liberate (to make free), died (die in the past).

When did the Nazis start to discriminate against the Jews?


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