The day of the highest temperature recorded on Earth – level 3


The highest temperature ever reliably recorded on Earth was 56.7 degrees Celsius, which occurred on July 10, 1913, in Death Valley.

Death Valley is a desert area in eastern California known for its extreme heat and dryness.

The standard conditions for measuring temperature are in the air at a height of about 1.25 to 2 meters above the ground. The measuring instrument should be placed in a shaded location away from direct sunlight.

Despite the extreme heat, a number of plant and animal species have adapted to life in Death Valley. One of the most interesting is the pupfish, a tiny fish species that lives in two locations and is able to survive in water temperatures of 43 degrees Celsius that would be lethal to most other fish.

Difficult words: occur (to happen), shaded (without direct sunlight), species (one type of animals which can breed together), lethal (bringing death).

What adaptations have other plant and animal species developed in order to survive in Death Valley?


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