The day World War I started – level 2


In 1914, countries in Europe were in two groups. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed one group. France, Russia, and Britain formed the second group.

Germany had the most powerful economy and the most modern army in Europe, but it didn’t have a lot of colonies. The Germans wanted to change it.

On July 28, 1914, a future Austrian king was killed in Sarajevo. Austria started to prepare for a war with Serbia. However, Serbia was backed by Russia. A big war started in Europe between the two groups.

The war also spread to the colonies. Japan and the United States also joined the war.

The war ended in November 1918. Almost 10 million people died in the war.

Difficult words: however (but), back (to support somebody), spread (to go to other places), join (to be active in something).

What were the main reasons for World War I breaking out in 1914?


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