The day an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima – level 2


In May 1945, the war in Europe was over. However, in the Pacific Ocean, the Japanese were still fighting and didn’t want to surrender. The Americans were stronger, but the Japanese were very brave. They were ready to fight to the last man.

In this situation, the Americans didn’t want to invade the main Japanese island. They were afraid of too many losses. The Americans wanted to find another way to end the war; they wanted to develop and use an atomic bomb.

In July 1945, the production of the first bomb was completed. The first test explosion was made in the New Mexico desert. The results were very good.

On August 6, 1945, a bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The explosion destroyed the city center and 70,000 people died immediately.

On August 9, the Americans dropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki. Finally, on August 15, Japan surrendered. The worst war in human history was definitely over.

Difficult words: surrender (to say officially that you want to stop fighting), develop (to make something new), drop (to let something fall), immediately (without a pause), over (finished).

What do you think were the implications of using atomic bombs to end the war?


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