The day the American Civil War ended – level 2

09-04-1865

In the middle of the 19th century, the situation in the United States wasn’t easy. The country was divided into industrial and prosperous North and agricultural South.

The biggest problem was slavery. White Americans worked in the industrial North, but 4 million black slaves worked on the southern plantations.

The conflict began to escalate in 1860, when Abraham Lincoln became the president. He planned to stop the growth of slavery in America. The southern states didn’t like it and separated from the United States. The civil war between the North and the South began.

The war was 4 years long. On April 9, 1865, both armies met in the final battle. The North won. The civil war ended.

In December 1865, slavery was ended in the United States.

Difficult words: prosperous (rich and successful), agricultural (connected to farming), slavery (the system in which people have slaves), escalate (to become worse), civil war (a war between two groups of people in one country).

What do you think about this day?

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